SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATION: Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy
Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy
B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, & N. Picqué
The sensitivity of molecular fingerprinting is dramatically improved when the absorbing sample is placed in a highfinesse optical cavity, because the effective path length is increased. When the equidistant lines from a laser frequency comb are simultaneously injected into the cavity over a large spectral range, multiple trace gases may be identified within a few milliseconds. However, efficient analysis of the light transmitted through the cavity remains challenging. Here, a novel approach—cavity-enhanced, frequency-comb, Fouriertransform spectroscopy—fully overcomes this difficulty and enables measurement of ultrasensitive, broad-bandwidth, high-resolution spectra within a few tens of microseconds without any need for detector arrays, potentially from the terahertz to ultraviolet regions. Within a period of just 18 ms, we recorded the spectra of the ammonia 1.0 mm overtone bands comprising 1,500 spectral elements and spanning 20 nm, with a resolution of 4.5 GHz and a noise equivalent absorption at 1 s averaging of 1 x 10-10 cm-1 Hz-1/2, thus opening a route to time-resolved spectroscopy of rapidly evolving single events.